sample of part 1: Comparing point of interest data from OSM and USGS
sample of part 2: Mapping non-normative features in Prospect Park
sample of part 3: a non-euclidean map of Prospect Park
MS1 FINAL PROJECT PRESENTATION NOTES:
Part 1, Points of Interest, OSM vs. USGS: here
Part 2, Mapping the park from my point of view: here
Part 3, Moving beyond maps (OF): here
Final paper for project available here
We live in world inundated with maps yet we are never critical of maps, assuming that if it’s mapped it must be empirical and free from subjectivity.
Dennis Wood, The Power of Maps; “Mirror,” “window,” “objective,” “accurate,” “transparent,” “neutral”: all conspire to disguise the map as a …reproduction… of the world, disabling us from recognizing it for a social construction which, with other social constructions, brings that world into being out of the past and into our present.
This project seeks to address the following:
1. Maps have always been political in nature; the idea that maps embody interests of not only the mapmakers but also who they are serving, (developers, advertisers, etc.)
2. The unintended consequences of maps: Google Maps (web-mercator & their algorithm)
USGS criteria for what they represent on their topographic maps: 1. permanence of features, 2. cost of compiling information (aerial photography and field checking), and 3. map legibility.” (Wood)
How To Lie With Maps; “Not only is it easy to lie with maps, it’s essential…maps must tell white lies to avoid hiding critical information in a fog of detail the map must offer a selective, incomplete view of reality” (Monmonier, H2LWM)
Map Art: began in the 1920’s and was used by artists from different movements (surrealists, situationists, Fluxus, post-Minimalists) surrealist map of the world.
“…map artists are reclaiming the map as a discourse function for people in general. The flourishing of map art signals the imminent demise of the map as a privileged form of communication. The map is dead, long live the map!”
Counter / Critical Cartography: If maps are political why not use them for subversive purposes?
“All maps, whether institutional or counter-cartographic, embody and produce power relations” (Mogel)
Maps in the Digital Era:
Are now made from geospatial data. No data is ever completely “raw” or “objective” (Para-Empiricism, coined by Annette Kim). How do new forms of web-mapping and spatial data embody bias and subjectivity? Is new technology really allowing mapping to become more democratic or just pseudo-popular?
map 1: looking at bias in spatial data
> what does the USGS say about PP according to their criteria?
> what does OSM say about PP from their contributors?
map 2: what don’t normative maps show the reader?
>If maps are a snap shot in time how do we define permanence?
>What is deemed worthy of being mapped?
map 3: how can we make mapping more humanistic?
> is our perception of maps as objective and neutral too embedded to make them truly democratic?
> do we need something beyond the map?
using on the ground research methods to collect qualitative data (field papers, photography, video, sound)
A non-euclidean “map” of Prospect Park, Brooklyn. Created using a GoPro camera mounted to my head, iMovie for video editing and Open-Frameworks for combining the video shots into one screen space. Inspired by the theory of artist and cartographer Dennis Wood and work by Associate Professor of Urban Studies and Planning Annette Kim (of MIT’s SLAB): http://slab.scripts.mit.edu/wp/maps/narrative-maps/